CHARTER OF BAN STEFAN II AND HIS MOTHER JELISAVETA TO KNYAZ VUKAC HRVATINIĆ | Plemenito

CHARTER OF BAN STEFAN II AND HIS MOTHER JELISAVETA TO KNYAZ VUKAC HRVATINIĆ | Plemenito

CHARTER OF BAN STEFAN II AND HIS MOTHER JELISAVETA TO KNYAZ VUKAC HRVATINIĆ


Note

Fact that the charter is undated means that from its first publication it was very hard to properly place it chronologically. Given that it was issued on the day of Katalina, date can be pinpointed with certainty, and its 25th of November, and regarding date there are no controversial issues. However, year of its proclamation is somewhat more problematic due to the fact it was not precisely determined, so, for the purposes of dating, all inner elements, which could narrow as much as possible the chronological frame within which charter was created, have to be taken into account. Before anything else, attention has to be given to lower chronological threshold for document creation. Given that the author of this document alludes to a part of an earlier legal act, that is, the charter ban Stefan II gave to knyaz Vukoslav around 1326, time of creation of this document has to be moved to a period after 1326. At the same time, it could represent a terminus post quem. During determination of the upper chronological threshold, it must be mentioned that since 1322 ban Stefan II was striving to strengthen the central government so heirs of knyaz Hrvatin Stjepanić and his brother Grgur must have accepted the rule of ban, at the latest, by 1329. It is not unfounded to believe that sons of Hrvatin, one after another, entered the service of the Bosnian ruler with their uncle accepting it last, so in this regard, as upper threshold for the creation of this document, 1329 can be taken. Charter was issued by ban Stefan II with his mother, Jelisaveta (daughter of the king Stefan Dragutin Nemanjić and wife to ban Stefan I Kotromanić) to knyaz Vukac Hrvatinić, son of Hrvatin Stjepanić. With this document they released knyaz Vukac from his adding that they will show grace towards him until the end of their lives. 

Only in case of treason, this gifting grace will be denied. From document itself it is clear it was written by dijak (scribe) Radin, and that text is in Cyrillic writings. Charter belongs to Körmend collection of documents. First edition was prepared by Ferdo Šišić (From archive in Körmend, VZA VII (1905) 217).

Materials on the history of Bosnia 2, Banja Luka 2009, 11-25, (charter prepared by Dejan Ječmenica).

Translation

+ In name of the Father and Son and the Holy Spirit. Banitsa (wife of ban), lady Jelisaveta and my son, ban Stefan, proclaim our grace to knyaz Vukac and give our our(!) oath to knyaz Vukac. That he may no longer be our servant, nor hostage nor lieutenant, and this oath shall not be annulled for our lifetimes, neither to him nor his children, unless he is judged by fourteen who have pledged themselves with ban Stefan and his lady and his mother, banitsa Jelisaveta, to knyaz Vukoslav. This oath will remain true for him and his children unless he commits treason or acts of trickery towards us. The one who violates this, may he be cursed by God and His Son and sacred Mother and holy and life-giving Cross and by four evangelists and twelve apostles and forty martyrs.

This document was written by dijak Radin in Ribiči, on day of Katalina, the saint day of lady banitsa.

+ In the name of the Father.